Many dalit families’ possess awarded land pattas, but due to lack of access to water and other irrigation facilities, govt. schemes and other subsidy programs, they fail to cultivate their own land and tend to keep the land uncultivated. There are no alternate employment options available at the local level as a result; forced migration for employment in nearby cities is rampant in Sangola block of Sholapur district. Crop yielding is completely dependent on rainfall or other water resources.
Sangola block being drought prone area has seen adverse impact on land irrigation patterns resulted into sterile land for long time. Also due to lack of cultivation support and irrigation facilities, dalits owning this land have started migrating in other places in search of livelihood. Many villages in Sangola block are facing acute water scarcity. At some places, cultivating has not taken place as rain has failed to perform and the ground water and other waters reservoirs have depleted acutely. There is no water for humans or cattle. Some village people have stopped cultivating farms to save available scant water for drinking purpose.
Though district administration has ensured water supply by tankers, regular supply is not happening on ground. Tanker lobbies have been playing with the villagers through providing scanty water every 5 to 6 days in villages. It has also grappling with the critical livestock position in the villages. Government has started fodder stock centers after getting pressure from the people, dry sugar canes in form of fodder has been provided to the livestock especially cows and bullocks. Being in the drought area, most of the time, these animals are not very used to eat this fodder, resulting they started feeling sick. Govt. has interestingly forgotten goat as one major livestock in the area, and hence could not provide any suitable fodder.
Livelihood & agriculture issues in context of drought…
|Analysis of Issues of water & productivity|
|Technical / environmental||Institutional||Community issues|
|Excessive deforestation of catchments & resulting soil erosion, low productivity.||Low institutional capacity to address technical & financial aspects of agriculture.||Lack of proper schemes & budget on forestation schemes & low family income.|
|Inadequate management of watersheds: rainfall/small stream not well utilized, excessive use of agro chemicals deforestation and soil erosion||Lack of government support services for Research. Lack of coordination between govt. Dept. Lack of technical knowledge institutional structure of community||Limited or no financial resources on natural resource management. Lack of planning village level financial resource
No inclusion of women farmers in agro management
|Low & irregular productivity of rain fed agriculture||Lack of water management & distribution institutions||No proper policies and budgetary provisions|
|Inadequate & low performance of irrigation systems||Lack of maintenance and planning of water sources / village policies||Budget provisions to public works department|
|Excessive water use for crop and loss therefore soil salinity increased||Lack of water management farmers forum/ knowledge of water utilization||Lack of awareness about land character|
|Inadequate systems for cropping pattern||Lack of information & training facilities on mixed cropping.||No financial provisions for experimentation at village level|
|No special consideration on waste land development||West land development authorities not functioning.||Lack of schemes that will enable community initiatives.|
|No special efforts to develop agriculture||Lack of promotions schemes to enhance organic farming||Increase Budget & develop collection of traditional seeds.|
|No community initiatives in developing agriculture yield||Lack of awareness on high yield technique. Agriculture institute focusing on market oriented crop & not on sustain livelihood||Financial resources are not sufficient to agriculture institute. Major expenses on management not for experimentation|